The decision of the Supreme People’s Court of China came into force, according to which records on the blockchain now have legal force and can be used as evidence in legal disputes in court.
The pioneer of digital litigation was the capital of the southern Chinese province of Zhejiang, the city of Guangzhou, which houses the offices of many online shopping sites, such as Alibaba and NetEase.
Testing of new judicial technology in China began in 2015, and in August 2017, the first in China online court in Guangzhou, which accepts claims for violation of intellectual property rights on the Internet, has begun its work. All court procedures, starting with filing a lawsuit, are conducted remotely, via the court’s web page. Hearings and the announcement of the verdict are online, in real time.
In July of this year, the Guangzhou online court was the first to acknowledge that blockchain records could be used as evidence in court cases, which was one of the first precedents in the world for using blockchain technologies in court proceedings.
Now the Supreme court of China obliged all online-courts of country to acknowledge legality blockchain as a method of storage and authentication of digital proofs on condition that parties can prove legitimacy of the technology used in a process.
A new decision became timely, because two new online-courts prepare in China to the quick start, in Beijing and in third on a size city of country, Guangzhou.
Blockchain, however, can not only be an element of evidence in court, as in China, but also solve the problems of the efficiency of the judicial process. For example, in July, the Dubai Judicial Association (DIFC) and Smart Dubai entered into a partnership agreement to create the first “blockchain court”. DIFC plans to use technology to reduce duplication of documents and increase the effectiveness of the entire judicial system. In the future, the research will also touch upon the processes of resolving legal disputes in public and private blockchain, litigation related to the application of legislation and contractual agreements concluded with the use of smart contracts.